Nazionale ®

Est. 1906 in Russia

Memory

1347

Since the beginning if the 14th century Venice begins to regulate the textile production, reaching a high level of quality. There was an institution, the Corte del Parangon, which was in charge of comparing the pieces of clothes used as a model and which had been manufactured with the best materials available, with those the new ones, before they were sold. By 1347 velvet weavers already had their own guild Arte dei Veluderi.
1572
The brocade weavers centers of India developed in and around capitals of kingdoms or holy cities because of demand for expensive fabrics by the royal families and temples. Rich merchants of the trading ports or centers also contributed to the development of these fabrics. Gujrati builders and weavers were brought by Akbar to the royal workshops in 1572. Akbar took an active role in overseeing the royal textile workshops, established in Lahore, Agra and Fatehpur Sikri, where skilled weavers from different backgrounds worked. Expert weavers from distant lands worked with local weavers and imparted  their skills to the locals. The intermingling of creative techniques brought about a great transformation in the textile weaving industry.

1777

Sir Richard Arkwright leased the Haarlem Mill in Wirksworth, Derbyshire, where he installed the first steam engine to be used in a cotton mill. Arkwright's achievement was to combine power, machinery, semi-skilled labour and the new raw material of cotton to create mass-produced yarn. He is credited with inventing the spinning frame.

1787

The first major industrial action in Scotland was that of the Carlton weavers in Glasgow, who went on strike for higher wages in the summer of 1787. The nature of work changed during industrialisation from a craft production model to a factory-centric model, due to invention of the spinning jenny and flying shuttle in the textile industry and the smelting of pig iron with coke, and the power loom and high pressure steam engineIn the ensuing disturbances, troops were called in to keep the peace and three of the weavers were killed.

1812

Military uniforms were the first ready-to-wear garments to be mass-produced during the War of 1812. High-quality ready-to-wear garments for men became generally available soon thereafter, as the relatively simple, flattering cuts and muted tones.

Ready-to-wear garments for women did not become widely available until the beginning of the 20th century.

1872

When demand for weapons declined, it turned out that the machinery for production of rifles at Husqvarna Vapenfabriks Aktiebolag was well-suited for producing sewing machines.

1937

The first volume of Sveriges folkliga textilkonst:Rölakan by Lilli Zickerman came out. Her life's work has not been an own textile production or art creation, but rather wholehearted interest for inventory of Swedish folk textiles. Nordiska museet has 24 000 of her pictures from the trips all over the country during 1914-1931. She had taken photos that later were coloured. In 1908 she founded craft school in Vittsjö in Skåne.

1987

Burda Moden became the first Western magazine published in Soviet Union.

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